A Short Description of Sound and Unsound Swings
By Michael Hebron, PGA Master Professional, CI

Sound: The players hands stay level and move in from the target line for the first
12" to 18" of the swing. The only way the hands will stay level is when they move
around and in with the turning of the body.

Unsound: The players hands move straight back from the ball or out and away
from the body, as they go up to early in the swing.
Sound: The right leg at address is leaning to the target and stays at this angle
from the start of the swing through impact.
Unsound: The right leg often moves in several different directions: up, down, in
,out throughout the swing.
Sound:: The angle of the shoulder turn at the top of the swing, is the same angle
they turn through impact on. In sound swings, the left shoulder goes back 6" to 8",
and down its plane 6" to 8". Note: the space the left shoulder passes through at
the top of the backswing, is the same space the right one goes through in the
Unsound: The angle the shoulder turns on is to flat (around) or to up and down,
causing pulled and pushed shots.
Sound: The hands, right foreman, and club shaft occupy a space at address.
During a sound they all return more or less through the same space.
Unsound: During unsound swings, the hands, right forearm, and clubshaft return
to impact either too high, too low, too much from the inside, or too much from the

copyright Michael Hebron, 2008, all rights reserved